Eye exams test for refractive and binocularity issues that are generally correctable with eyeglasses, a contact lens fit or refractive surgery. Ocular examinations, though, have another important function. They determine the presence of medical conditions that can often be helped if they’re identified early enough for effective treatment to begin.

When harmful microorganisms like bacteria, fungi or viruses enter your eyes, the result can be an infection. Eye infections are also a common complication of eye injuries, even simple injuries like corneal scratches. Eye infections escalate quickly and in addition to impairing your vision, they can become quite uncomfortable. That’s why it’s important to visit your optometrist for an eye exam right away if you suspect you have an eye injury or an eye infection.

Conjunctivitis can be caused by a number of viruses and bacteria as well as by allergens. It’s extremely common in children, and it’s very contagious, so adults like teachers and preschool aides who work around children are at high risk for developing the infection.

Styes are infected eyelash hair follicles at the edge of your eyelid, caused by common bacteria found on skin.

Ocular examinations can also identify more serious medical conditions. Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of your eye that can impair your vision. They can be treated effectively with surgery. Glaucoma is a pressure buildup within the eye that can damage the optic nerve if left unchecked. Macular degeneration is deterioration in the center of the retina that can interfere with your ability to focus or perceive colors. Diabetes can also damage your retina through a condition called diabetic retinopathy.

Kline Vision has 26 years of experience offering eye examinations that can help you identify and correct vision problems and many different types of eye problems. Get in touch with us today to set up an appointment.